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鉴证专员 Forensic Scientist

Holland 兴趣代码
I 研究型   R 实际型

工作内容

  • 协助警方办案,包括到案发现场(如盗窃、凶杀、枪杀、强奸、火灾、严重交通事故等)调查,收集及鉴辨指纹、弹道、轮胎痕迹、笔迹和其他科学物证;
  • 应用科学知识和技术,鉴证和检测证物(如检测人体细胞、血液、尿液内所含的毒品成分或有毒物质、脱氧核糖核酸等),以侦查原凶、查明案发原因及发生过程;
  • 就化验结果的含义作出诠释及分析,并提供专业意见;
  • 撰写报告,同时依据案件需要,到法庭供证。

工作地点
化验室、案发现场、法庭。

所需知识/技能

  • 化学、生物化学、人体生物化学、流行病学、免疫学、人类遗传学、生物统计学、血液学、法医病理学、法医临床学、法医物证学、法医毒理学、法医毒物分析学、心理与行为科学、分子生物学、弹道学、刑事学等科目;
  • 收集样本或取证的方法、保存和检测各种样本的技术和方法;
  • 明确清晰的表达能力。

生涯途径
1. 鉴证科学 / 法医科学学位 > 鉴证专员。
!如果欲在大马皇家警察部队里服务,则需接受训练成为一名警部人员。

2. SPM > 到马来西亚皇家警察学院参加9到12个月的警察培训 > 9个月实习 > 三年试用期 > 正式警察 > 申请成为法证部职员 > 累积经验 > 受训 / 升学 > 鉴证专员。
!鉴证科学的课程内容不包括解剖学,所以毕业后并不能成为法医,欲成为法医,需是医学系毕业成为合格医生后再考取法医专科的硕士资格。

升学管道
请点击查找相关的大专

就业前景
目前,我国皇家警察部队对此行业的专员需求量最大。除了在皇家警察部队里服务,毕业生可在有关保安、提供调查和控诉的机构及公司工作,如国家化学局 (Jabatan Kimia Malaysia)、国家关口局(Kastam DiRaja Malaysia)、消防局或保险公司等。

国家化学局主要为来自各地的样本进行化验和研究工作;国家关口局则注重在寻找走私案等的证据;保险公司的工作主要倾向于调查和研究白领罪案例如假文件、假签名或假帐等等。

资料与咨询
Forensic Science Society of Malaysia
网站:www.forensics.org.my

  1. cheng
    January 26th, 2010 at 13:24 | #1

    我刚中学毕业,想找一些关于法医的资料,如工作内容,所需知识技能及升学途径,还有工作前景。也希望能知道本地有哪些大学有提供这项课程,还有什么科目拿kredit才能读有关课程。希望你能尽快回复我,谢谢。

  2. nesutna
    January 28th, 2010 at 11:12 | #2

    Cheng,请花一些时间阅读以下的文章:
    FORENSIC PATHOLOGY
    Criteria for Credentialing on National Specialist Register of Malaysia

    (1) Qualifications
    1.1 Possess a basic medical degree recognised by the Malaysian Medical Council

    1.2 Is fully registered as a medical practitioner with the Malaysian Medical Council and possesses a current annual practicing certificate from the Malaysian Medical Council
    1.3 Holds a postgraduate degree in Forensic Pathology recognized by the Government of Malaysia:
    — Member/Fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists, UK (MRCPath Forensic), (FRCPath Forensic)
    — Fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia
    (FRCPA Forensic)
    — Master of Pathology (Forensic), Universiti Malaya
    — Master of Pathology (Forensic), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
    — Master of Science (Medical Science), Glasgow
    — Diploma in Medical Jurisprudence (Path), Society of Apothecaries,
    London
    — Any other equivalent Forensic Pathology postgraduate degree recognised by the Forensic Pathology Specialty Committee. In such cases, consideration will be on a case by case basis. The following will be considered in the deliberations:
    a. The total period of training in Forensic Pathology should not be less than 4 (FOUR) years and should be equivalent to that in Clause 2.2 and satisfy Clause 2.3
    b. The training should be carried out in an accredited Forensic Pathology Center for training
    c. Evidence of satisfactory training shall include:
    i. Curriculum of the training programme
    ii. Evidence of satisfactory completion of the training programme
    iii. Reports from supervisor (s) / trainer (s) on satisfactory achievement of Clauses 2.2 and 2.3

    (2) Training
    2.1 The training programme should have the specific objectives of producing a
    competent Forensic Pathologist with specialist level skills in Forensic Pathology, Forensic
    Histopathology, Forensic Toxicology, and Clinical Autopsy examination with competence in
    management and organization of the diagnostic Forensic Pathology services.

    2.2 The training programme should include at least 3 (THREE) years of supervised
    training in an accredited Forensic Pathology Center with acquisition of
    competence to perform the following:

    Practical Skills (Level of competence)
    — Forensic and Clinical autopsy examination and reporting of results (Able to perform unsupervised)
    — Manage a diagnostic Forensic Pathology laboratory (Able to perform unsupervised)
    — Manage crime scene investigation in relation to finding the cause of death (Able to perform unsupervised)
    — Provide active consultancy services to the hospital, police, enforcement agencies, Attorney
    General Chamber, etc.(Able to perform unsupervised)
    — Reporting of routine forensic histopathology slides including histochemistry and immunohistochemistry (Able to perform unsupervised)
    — Recognise common ultrastructural changes of diagnostic significance (Able to perform under indirect supervision)
    Frozen sections of forensic related cases (Able to perform under indirect supervision)

    2.3 The training programme should ensure that the following procedures have been undertaken and assessed during the training period.

    Procedure (Number to be undertaken)
    — Forensic autopsies and reporting (400)
    — Forensic histopathology reporting (400)
    — Forensic frozen section reporting (30)
    — Consultancy report writing to lawyer or enforcement agency (10)

    (3)Work Experience
    3.1 At least 6 (SIX) months of working experience under supervision in an accredited Forensic Pathology Center after acquisition of the postgraduate professional qualification as in Clause 1.3.

    3.2 The above clause (3.1) should be evidenced by a supervisor(s) report (s) indicating satisfactory completion of the supervised working experience.

    (4) Designations
    4.1 A Forensic Pathologist is a Pathologist who practices Forensic Pathology and is competent to carry out Forensic Autopsies; Clinical Forensic Examinations, Forensic Pathology laboratory analysis, interpretation and conclusion; crime scene investigation in relation to finding the cause of death; and giving evidence in court as an expert witness.

    (5) Exemptions
    5.1 A senior Forensic Pathologist practicing in Malaysia for at least 5 (FIVE) years and recognized by his/her peers can be credentialed as a Forensic Pathologist without the need for submission of details of training (Clause 2) and a supervisor’s report (Clause 3) if he/she fulfils one of the following criteria:

    5.1.1 Has been gazetted as a Forensic Pathologist by the Ministry of Health and currently practices as a Forensic Pathologist in Malaysia

    5.1.2 Is currently registered as a Forensic Pathologist under the Specialist Register of the Academy of Medicine of Malaysia and currently practices as a Forensic Pathologist in Malaysia

    5.1.3 Is currently appointed as an academic staff of a local university and currently practices as a Forensic Pathologist in Malaysia

    5.1.4 Notwithstanding any of the above, the Forensic athologist Specialty Committee reserves the right to assess applications which do not conform to Clauses 2, 3 and on a case-by-case basis for recommendation to the National redentialingCommittee for approval.

    (6) Professional Good Standing
    6.1 The onus lies with the applicant to declare to the Forensic Pathology Specialty Committee any instance (s) of loss of professional good standing

    10092007/saw

  3. Chen
    November 3rd, 2010 at 12:37 | #3 FSI member

    我想请问一下,必须要成为正式警察了,才可以申请继续就读吗??

  4. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 4th, 2010 at 10:21 | #4

    Chen :我想请问一下,必须要成为正式警察了,才可以申请继续就读吗??

    先修读,再申请成为警务人员。

  5. xuan
    November 5th, 2010 at 19:36 | #5 FSI member

    如果不要成为警察人员,鉴证专员还有什么出路??

  6. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 9th, 2010 at 10:34 | #6

    xuan :如果不要成为警察人员,鉴证专员还有什么出路??

    就业前景:
    目前,我国皇家警察部队对此行业的专员需求量最大。除了在皇家警察部队里服务,毕业生可在有关保安、提供调查和控诉的机构及公司工作,如国家化学局 (Jabatan Kimia Malaysia)、国家关口局(Kastam DiRaja Malaysia)或保险公司等。

    国家化学局主要为来自各地的样本进行化验和研究工作;国家关口局则注重在寻找走私案等的证据;保险公司的工作主要倾向于调查和研究白领罪案例如假文件、假签名或假帐等等。

  7. chee hong
    November 21st, 2010 at 14:09 | #7 FSI member

    请问forensic scientist 和 forensic investigator 一样吗?
    就读鉴证科学需要多长的时间?
    在USM和UKM修读这门课程,教材全部都是英语还是国语啊?
    法医和鉴证专员有什么差别?

  8. chee hong
    November 21st, 2010 at 14:11 | #8 FSI member

    请问在哪一所大学修读这门课程比较好啊 ?
    usm 还是 ukm ?
    修读这门课程大约需要多少钱 ?

  9. chee hong
    November 21st, 2010 at 14:16 | #9 FSI member

    很多人对我说鉴证科学在Malaysia不吃香,请问是不是真的啊?

  10. xuan
    November 22nd, 2010 at 13:58 | #10 FSI member

    鉴证人员需要当皇家警察,申请条件是否要与警察一样??

  11. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 23rd, 2010 at 14:01 | #11

    chee hong :请问forensic scientist 和 forensic investigator 一样吗?就读鉴证科学需要多长的时间?在USM和UKM修读这门课程,教材全部都是英语还是国语啊?法医和鉴证专员有什么差别?

    国立大学的鉴证科学课程都是四年,教材都是英语。鉴证专员的工作范围并不包刮解剖尸体,解剖尸体由是医生的法医进行,它们都是从医学系毕业再选择进修法医专科。

  12. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 23rd, 2010 at 14:02 | #12

    chee hong :请问在哪一所大学修读这门课程比较好啊 ?usm 还是 ukm ?修读这门课程大约需要多少钱 ?

    你心目中的“好”是怎样的呢?不妨收集有关学校的资料如学费、课程内容及师资等,看看哪一所较符合你的期待。

  13. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 23rd, 2010 at 14:03 | #13

    chee hong :很多人对我说鉴证科学在Malaysia不吃香,请问是不是真的啊?

    根据新闻报道,我国皇家警察部队对此行业的专员有需求。不过,进入国家单位,必须通过警察的招考。你不妨进入国家安全部们的网站查看招聘的讯息,确实了解其人力的需求。

    除了在皇家警察部队里服务,毕业生可在有关保安、提供调查和控诉的机构及公司工作,如国家化学局 (Jabatan Kimia Malaysia)、国家关口局(Kastam DiRaja Malaysia)或保险公司等。国家化学局主要为来自各地的样本进行化验和研究工作;国家关口局则注重在寻找走私案等的证据;保险公司的工作主要倾向于调查和研究白领罪案例如假文件、假签名或假帐等等。

  14. chee hong
    November 25th, 2010 at 21:02 | #14 FSI member

    @升学情报辅导中心
    那么化学、生物化学、人体生物化学、流行病学、免疫学、人类遗传学、生物统计学、血液学、法医病理学、法医临床学、法医物证学、法医毒理学、法医毒物分析学、心理与行为科学、分子生物学、弹道学、刑事学等科目都是必修科咯 ?
    可是成为一名鉴证专员,biology一定要好吗?

  15. chee hong
    November 25th, 2010 at 21:14 | #15 FSI member

    @升学情报辅导中心
    所以,要协助警方办案,就必须考取警察 ?
    大马皇家警察会找国家化学局来化验所搜取的证物吗 ?
    可是我听说近视是不能考取警察的啊。有关系吗 ?

  16. chee hong
    November 25th, 2010 at 21:19 | #16 FSI member

    @升学情报辅导中心
    除了USM和UKM,请问哪里的私立大专还能够修读鉴证科学 ?

  17. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 29th, 2010 at 16:37 | #17

    xuan :鉴证人员需要当皇家警察,申请条件是否要与警察一样??

    是的。

  18. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 29th, 2010 at 17:19 | #18

    chee hong :@升学情报辅导中心 那么化学、生物化学、人体生物化学、流行病学、免疫学、人类遗传学、生物统计学、血液学、法医病理学、法医临床学、法医物证学、法医毒理学、法医毒物分析学、心理与行为科学、分子生物学、弹道学、刑事学等科目都是必修科咯 ?可是成为一名鉴证专员,biology一定要好吗?

    各大学的课程设置不同,但与这些相去不远,都是鉴证科学的知识。一些大学要求须有生物的成绩,再加上学生将须接触与生物有关的科目,有生物基础知识会让你更容易掌握课程。

  19. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 29th, 2010 at 17:24 | #19

    chee hong :@升学情报辅导中心 所以,要协助警方办案,就必须考取警察 ?大马皇家警察会找国家化学局来化验所搜取的证物吗 ?可是我听说近视是不能考取警察的啊。有关系吗 ?

    皇家警察拥有自己的鉴证实验室,可在那里进行证物化验的工作。在申请警察培训时,需通过体格测试包括视力。要了解更多关于警察,不妨联系马来西亚皇家警察总部03-2262 6222 www.rmp.gov.my。

  20. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 29th, 2010 at 17:24 | #20

    chee hong :@升学情报辅导中心 除了USM和UKM,请问哪里的私立大专还能够修读鉴证科学 ?

    据网上搜索结果,Management & Science University 有提供这科系,不妨向该校了解课程资讯。

  21. Jojo Hii
    January 31st, 2011 at 20:51 | #21 FSI member

    请问要有什么条件才能进ukm或usm念forensic scientist?
    SPM要拿多少科A, 拿些科目要拿A?

  22. jocelyn
    February 8th, 2011 at 19:00 | #22 FSI member

    我想问如果要修读这,一定要拿Biology吗?因为我只拿chemistry and physics in SPM,还能修读这个吗?谢谢!

  23. Robert
    February 8th, 2011 at 21:41 | #23 FSI member

    能不能在职业百科内加入’法医’或’病理学家’的职业?

  24. Robert
    February 8th, 2011 at 22:12 | #24 FSI member

    能不能多提供本地海外私立大学?

  25. 升学情报辅导中心
    February 19th, 2011 at 18:44 | #25

    jocelyn :我想问如果要修读这,一定要拿Biology吗?因为我只拿chemistry and physics in SPM,还能修读这个吗?谢谢!

    是的,申请者都须有生物基础。

  26. Robert
    February 28th, 2011 at 09:39 | #26 FSI member

    Robert :
    能不能多提供本地海外私立大学?

    这一科的海外私立大学.

  27. Alan
    April 3rd, 2011 at 21:45 | #27 FSI member

    请问这科是不是有分成很多部门呢?
    在美国,那些部门较吃香呢?
    因为听说在美国fingerprint forensic 太多,很难找工作。

    请问美国有那些较出名的大学提供这个课程呢?

    我听很多人说forensic science很难读,是真的吗?
    因为我的生物,化学,物理都不是说很好,学校考试都只是65-80。
    所以我还蛮害怕读这科时跟不上。

  28. April 5th, 2011 at 21:22 | #28 FSI member

    可以读完Stpm再申请读ukm的forensic science吗?

  29. ternence
    April 6th, 2011 at 17:30 | #29 FSI member

    不好意思。。。如果要在新加坡做forensic scientist 有什么途径呢?

    希望能尽早得到答复。。。谢谢。。

  30. 升学情报辅导中心
    April 7th, 2011 at 10:46 | #30

    chua :可以读完Stpm再申请读ukm的forensic science吗?

    可以,STPM是进入国立大学的主要管道。

  31. 升学情报辅导中心
    April 7th, 2011 at 10:58 | #31

    ternence :不好意思。。。如果要在新加坡做forensic scientist 有什么途径呢?
    希望能尽早得到答复。。。谢谢。。

    考取受承认的鉴证科学学位,然后申请进入相关的领域工作,不妨参考www.hsa.gov.sg。

  32. ternence
    April 7th, 2011 at 11:32 | #32 FSI member

    @升学情报辅导中心
    噢。。。谢谢您。。。

  33. ternence
    April 7th, 2011 at 11:38 | #33 FSI member

    不好意思。。。那是那间新加坡学校才会有呢?
    希望能尽早得到答复。。。万分感激。。。

  34. 升学情报辅导中心
    April 8th, 2011 at 10:02 | #34

    ternence :不好意思。。。那是那间新加坡学校才会有呢?希望能尽早得到答复。。。万分感激。。。

    抱歉我们没有这方面的资料,只知道新加坡国立大学提供副修课程,不妨浏览http://newshub.nus.edu.sg/pressrel/0811/081118.php。

  35. ternence
    April 8th, 2011 at 15:04 | #35 FSI member

    Forensic science 会很难读吗?
    他是冷门的科目对吗?

  36. 升学情报辅导中心
    April 11th, 2011 at 09:26 | #36

    ternence :Forensic science 会很难读吗?他是冷门的科目对吗?

    鉴证科学主要学的是与生物和化学相关的科目,如果你对这两科有兴趣,平时的成绩不错,相信对你来说不会太难。

  37. Blue-SKY
    April 20th, 2011 at 23:39 | #37 FSI member

    读了Pharmaceutical Management能做鉴证专员?

  38. 升学情报辅导中心
    April 21st, 2011 at 09:37 | #38

    Blue-SKY :读了Pharmaceutical Management能做鉴证专员?

    不同的专业。不能。

  39. Blue-SKY
    April 21st, 2011 at 10:42 | #39 FSI member

    如果是biomedical science呢???鉴证需要读什么科系?

  40. 升学情报辅导中心
    April 22nd, 2011 at 13:31 | #40

    Blue-SKY :如果是biomedical science呢???鉴证需要读什么科系?

    这科也不能。念与化学相关的科系如化学系或生物化学系的毕业生有机会在鉴证领域当助理,但除非是进修鉴证的专业科系才有机会成为鉴证专员,所以最好还是报读鉴证科学这科系。

  41. Blue-SKY
    April 22nd, 2011 at 14:15 | #41 FSI member

    那新加坡哪里可以修读这科系?

  42. 升学情报辅导中心
    April 22nd, 2011 at 14:52 | #42

    Blue-SKY :那新加坡哪里可以修读这科系?

    抱歉我们没有这方面的资料,只知道新加坡国立大学提供副修课程,不妨浏览http://newshub.nus.edu.sg/pressrel/0811/081118.php或到新加坡旅游局网站www.singaporeedu.gov.sg查询相关详情。

  43. Blue-SKY
    April 22nd, 2011 at 18:30 | #43 FSI member

    如果我修读完biomedical science再去nus修读这个可以吗?

  44. Blue-SKY
    April 23rd, 2011 at 23:12 | #44 FSI member

    要修读forensic science 要先修读什么科系先呢??比如说呢?哪里有?

  45. 升学情报辅导中心
    April 25th, 2011 at 16:21 | #45

    Blue-SKY :如果我修读完biomedical science再去nus修读这个可以吗?

    抱歉我们不太清楚该校的招生制度和该课程的申请资格,建议你亲自向该校查询详细的课程讯息。

  46. hsien hui
    May 2nd, 2011 at 17:12 | #46 FSI member

    除了usm,ukm,managment and science university 没有其他的本地的私立大学?

  47. 升学情报辅导中心
    May 3rd, 2011 at 15:01 | #47

    hsien hui :除了usm,ukm,managment and science university 没有其他的本地的私立大学?

    目前我国只有这三所有鉴证科学。

  48. eunice
    May 19th, 2011 at 16:26 | #48 FSI member

    请问在国家化学局 (Jabatan Kimia Malaysia)、国家关口局(Kastam DiRaja Malaysia)工作也必须通过警察的招考吗?拿大学学位后要进入此部门有什么途径?可介绍些网站以供参考?吁请尽快恢复。谢谢

  49. 升学情报辅导中心
    May 25th, 2011 at 11:00 | #49

    eunice :请问在国家化学局 (Jabatan Kimia Malaysia)、国家关口局(Kastam DiRaja Malaysia)工作也必须通过警察的招考吗?拿大学学位后要进入此部门有什么途径?可介绍些网站以供参考?吁请尽快恢复。谢谢

    不需要。你可以通过这些单位局公共服务委员会http://www.spa.gov.my/的网站参考招聘方式及资格。

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