教育展 留學海外 獎貸學金

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Medical Studies 医学系 – 医科 Medicine

简介:
医科是一门栽培专业医生的科系,以应付社会的医疗及保健需求。从事医生这门职业须有很高的抗压能力、责任心及爱心,因为医生的职责重大,病人的健康、生命都掌握在其手里。此外,这门科系需要学习的学问很多,选择此科系的学生,要有充分的心理准备面对沉重的课业压力。医学系学生一般考取的学位有两种,即是 M.B.B.S.(Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery)和 M.D.(Doctor of Medicine)。以上的两个学位都拥有相等的学术资格,不同的是 M.B.B.S.是来自英国的学位,而 M.D.是来自美国的学位。

医学是以治病、研究及预防疾病为主要研究方针,它可分为三大类:

1. 基础医学 (专门探讨人体健康、致病原理、治疗方法、药理学)
2. 临床医学 (分科研究病变、病状、内外科治疗)
3. 预防医学 (研究如何预防疾病)

若以医学专科分类,一般上又可分为:

1. 麻醉学 (Anesthesiology)
2. 急救医学 (Emergency Medicine)
3. 普通诊症 (General Practice – Family Medicine)
4. 内科医学 (Internal Medicine)
5. 外科学 (Surgery)
6. 病理学 (Pathology)
7. 儿科医学 (Paediatrics)
8. 物理与康复治疗学 (Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
9. 预防医学 (Preventive Medicine)
10. 放射医学 (Radiology)
11. 精神病学及神经学 (Psychiatry and Neurology)
12. 核医学 (Nuclear Medicine)

然而,内科与外科又有不同的专修领域:

内科专修有:

  1. 过敏与免疫科 (Allergy and Immunology)
    研究与诊治免疫系统失常,包括敏感、免疫力减退与其它免疫病变
  2. 心脏科 (Cardiology)
    专门诊治心脏与血管疾病
  3. 皮肤科 (Dermatology)
    专门应付各种皮肤问题与病症
  4. 内分泌科 (Endocrinology)
    专门研究腺状与其它荷尔蒙分泌结构的医学专科
  5. 肠胃科 (Geriatrics)
    诊治相关消化系统、肝与胰脏功能的病症
  6. 老年科 (Geriatrics)
    专注于研究老年人易患病症的高龄保健学
  7. 血液病科 (Haematology)
    研究主宰人体健康的血液与血液结构
  8. 遗传科 (Medical Genetics)
    诊治基因病变
  9. 肿瘤科 (Oncology)
    研究与治疗癌症肿瘤
  10. 肾脏科(Nephrology)
    专科治疗肾病
  11. 风湿病科(Rheumatology)
    专门研究关节与骨骼衔接结构

外科专修有:

  1. 结肠与直肠手术 (Colon and Rectal Surgery)
    主治肛门、直肠、肠,包括痔疮、良性肿瘤与结肠癌等
  2. 妇产科与妇科 (Obstetrics and Gynae Cology)
    妇产科处理的是女性妊娠问题,而妇科则专治女性生殖系统的病症
  3. 神经科 (Neurological Surgery)
    外科医生主掌包括脑部、神经线与脊髓部位的复杂手术
  4. 眼科 (Ophthalmic Surgery)
    诊治范围包括纠正视力、进行医药疗法,以及在必要时施行眼科手术
  5. 矫型外科手术 (Orthopaedic Surgery)
    包括矫正骨骼、肌肉、韧带与腱部等相连组织,也涵盖骨架畸形、治疗骨折及其它创伤
  6. 耳鼻喉科 (Otolaryngology)
    诊治头颈部位问题,诸如听力有问题、治疗鼻窦 (颅骨中的空穴部位) 炎和喉癌等疾病
  7. 儿科手术 (Paediatric Surgery)
    专门为儿童及婴儿施手术,主要是纠正幼儿先天问题,包括移除不正常的增生部分
  8. 整形及修复手术 (Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
    专为人体表面部位操刀,从而纠正残缺或失准的身体部位
  9. 胸腔科手术 (Thoracic Surgery)
    动刀的人体部位包括心脏、肺部与胸腔壁
  10. 泌尿科 (Urology)
    主掌的手术包括女性尿道与男性泌尿科毛病

开办相关科系的学府:
请点击 “线上教育展” 查找相关的大专

关键能力:
研究能力、助人能力、沟通能力、说服能力、阅读能力、器械能力

必备学科:
生物、化学、数学、高级数学。

就业机会:
毕业生必须先向马来西亚医药理事会申请临时注册,实习两年后方可正式获得大马医药理事会 (Malaysia Medical Council – MMC) 承认为合格医生。之后,须在政府医院服务三年,始可选择留在医院服务,或自行开设诊所。此外,凡有兴趣继续深造的毕业生,亦可选择攻读专科,以成为专科医生,或专修硕士学位或博士学位以在大学任教。

学习内容:
此科系的课程共分两个阶段:理论 (Theory) 教学阶段,和临床 (Clinical) 教学阶段。理论教学阶段的课程涵盖:生物化学、生理学、解剖学、放射学、病理学、微生物学、药物学、寄生虫学、麻醉学、了解人体的结构及各器官功能等。临床教学阶段的课程涵盖:病床学习、巡视病房,与有经验的医生在病房里接触病人、诊断病情,内科、外科、妇产科、麻醉学、急诊等。

  1. 慧慧
    February 11th, 2013 at 17:40 | #1

    我的儿子已接到通知,他将被派去印尼。请问哪里的情况如何?会多华人子弟在哪里求学吗?听说哪里读回来后,服务时,会面对语言的问题,是真的吗?

  2. 升学情报辅导中心
    February 18th, 2013 at 14:35 | #2

    慧慧 :
    我的儿子已接到通知,他将被派去印尼。请问哪里的情况如何?会多华人子弟在哪里求学吗?听说哪里读回来后,服务时,会面对语言的问题,是真的吗?

    印尼的留学资料请看http://www.fsi.com.my/indonesia/ 。若大学是使用英文来教学,就应该不会有语言上问题。任何详细的疑问,可以致电向印尼驻马大使馆03-2116 4016 查询。

  3. kkneoh
    February 18th, 2013 at 17:26 | #3

    @慧慧

    it is better if you can check is the university being recognised by our government.

  4. Terrance Yee
    February 27th, 2013 at 09:44 | #4 FSI member

    Hi, I’m interested to get medicine courses but dunno whether choose wat college. Before that i think about Mahsa College and Imu.. Is that both good ? Becuz the different in fees make me confused. Any recommended college or uni for me to study? Erm. Is Psychiatrist easy to find job on malaysia or depend on which college to sudy?

  5. Lawrence23
    March 3rd, 2013 at 19:25 | #5 FSI member

    我是读art class,但想读医科需要在理科spm拿什么科目?

  6. kkneoh
    March 10th, 2013 at 21:48 | #6

    Terrance Yee :
    Hi, I’m interested to get medicine courses but dunno whether choose wat college. Before that i think about Mahsa College and Imu.. Is that both good ? Becuz the different in fees make me confused. Any recommended college or uni for me to study? Erm. Is Psychiatrist easy to find job on malaysia or depend on which college to sudy?

    You may choose to study hard and apply for public university medical course, or private college.

    I am not sure which one is good.

    Psychiatry is a master course in medicine. Get your undergraduate degree first before applying for that

  7. kkneoh
    March 10th, 2013 at 21:49 | #7

    Lawrence23 :
    我是读art class,但想读医科需要在理科spm拿什么科目?

    Chem, bio, physic

  8. Terrance Yee
    March 10th, 2013 at 22:14 | #8 FSI member

    Thanks kkneoh.. Erm.. Is that any private Uni recommended ?

  9. kkneoh
    March 11th, 2013 at 22:00 | #9

    @Terrance Yee

    Sorry, i m not sure about which one is better.

  10. Howl Lim
    March 22nd, 2013 at 00:02 | #10

    我的STPM的成绩是3.84,不过我的MUET只有Band 3,这样的成绩进得了本地大学吗?
    还是有哪些私立大学会接受的???

  11. Zoe
    March 22nd, 2013 at 17:11 | #11

    我是spm毕业生,想请问如果要读医科的要求是什么?还有spm毕业生一定要读了foundation再读diploma才可以正式读一个修读学士硕士和博士吗??还是读STPM比较好呢??我没有方向,请帮我解答~

  12. 舒儿
    March 25th, 2013 at 21:48 | #12

    请问读这科,A LEVEL应该拿什么?

  13. kkneoh
    March 25th, 2013 at 22:34 | #13

    Howl Lim :
    我的STPM的成绩是3.84,不过我的MUET只有Band 3,这样的成绩进得了本地大学吗?
    还是有哪些私立大学会接受的???

    If you wish to study medicine,
    you may put UNIMAS or UMS as first choice, to get a better chance.

    Public U in semenanjung usually accept those with stpm cgpa >3.9

  14. kkneoh
    March 25th, 2013 at 22:34 | #14

    舒儿 :
    请问读这科,A LEVEL应该拿什么?

    CHemistry, and biology

  15. kkneoh
    March 25th, 2013 at 22:35 | #15

    Zoe :
    我是spm毕业生,想请问如果要读医科的要求是什么?还有spm毕业生一定要读了foundation再读diploma才可以正式读一个修读学士硕士和博士吗??还是读STPM比较好呢??我没有方向,请帮我解答~

    SPM holders need to pass thru either Matrix or STPM to get into medical course in public university

  16. 升学情报辅导中心
    March 28th, 2013 at 10:03 | #16

    Zoe :
    我是spm毕业生,想请问如果要读医科的要求是什么?还有spm毕业生一定要读了foundation再读diploma才可以正式读一个修读学士硕士和博士吗??还是读STPM比较好呢??我没有方向,请帮我解答~

    请看本地私立大专的入学资格。若已经报读大学先修班,就不必在报读文凭课程,就可以直接修读学士学位课程了。若你要进入国立大学,就需要报考STPM;若是私立大学,就可以选择其他的大学先修班。

  17. liew
    March 30th, 2013 at 15:14 | #17

    我是spm毕业生。我想念医科,我想选择国立大学念,请问能吗?

  18. PARK
    April 1st, 2013 at 01:02 | #18 FSI member

    我想问下国立大学和私立大学的MEDICINE 在花的时间上有不一样吗?

  19. 升学情报辅导中心
    April 8th, 2013 at 16:34 | #19

    PARK :
    我想问下国立大学和私立大学的MEDICINE 在花的时间上有不一样吗?

    课程时间是一样的。

  20. 棒棒糖
    April 8th, 2013 at 23:42 | #20

    UNIMAS 和 UMS 的medicine course 哪间比较好?

  21. April 27th, 2013 at 20:38 | #21 FSI member

    成为合格医生后,可以到新加坡做工吗?

  22. 源源细水长流
    April 29th, 2013 at 12:02 | #22

    请问MBBS 和MD都有被政府接受承认吗?
    如果读A lvl的话,要拿math还是physics比较保险? 还是四科都拿完?

  23. kkneoh
    May 1st, 2013 at 07:41 | #23

    @liew

    Yes. As long as you score well in STPM or matrics

  24. kkneoh
    May 1st, 2013 at 07:43 | #24

    :
    成为合格医生后,可以到新加坡做工吗?

    Singapore only recognise medical degree from UM and UKM

    The rests are not recognised and thus u cannot work there

  25. Dennis
    May 4th, 2013 at 19:31 | #25

    Hi,im alevel student right now and next week is gonna be my first day of school:) i want to become a doctor of medicine.However ,i got my poor result in spm which is (biology B. physics A chemistry B mathematics A add math B+) Do i have a chance to getting into medical school?>< i heard tht there must be at least 5A or 7A to qualify mbbs.thank you~~~~

  26. 升学情报辅导中心
    May 9th, 2013 at 10:51 | #26

    Dennis :
    Hi,im alevel student right now and next week is gonna be my first day of school:) i want to become a doctor of medicine.However ,i got my poor result in spm which is (biology B. physics A chemistry B mathematics A add math B+) Do i have a chance to getting into medical school?>< i heard tht there must be at least 5A or 7A to qualify mbbs.thank you~~~~

    According to the information from universities, the minimum requirement is scoring 5B (three pure science subjects, maths and other)in SPM. You can check again the requirement with several universities.

  27. lawrance
    June 17th, 2013 at 12:27 | #27

    请问我要申请美国医学(MD)要在本地读foundation先呢?还是health science?感谢回答:D

  28. 升学情报辅导中心
    June 19th, 2013 at 17:25 | #28

    lawrance :
    请问我要申请美国医学(MD)要在本地读foundation先呢?还是health science?感谢回答:D

    若还未选好大学,最好是报读普遍受承认的大学先修班如A-level、STPM或IB等等。Foundation只适用于到同一所大学升学。

  29. chong jia wen
    July 8th, 2013 at 18:55 | #29

    I’m getting my 2nd year of STPM this year…I didnt do good in my STPM. but I intended to get into surgery field.. any advice? I suppose I wouldnt be ablw to go into public uni right? If private how?? Can I still get into private uni for surgery?? Thanks…

  30. 升学情报辅导中心
    July 11th, 2013 at 10:34 | #30

    chong jia wen :
    I’m getting my 2nd year of STPM this year…I didnt do good in my STPM. but I intended to get into surgery field.. any advice? I suppose I wouldnt be ablw to go into public uni right? If private how?? Can I still get into private uni for surgery?? Thanks…

    You must get at least grade B in SPM 3 science subjects and Mathmatics and B in 3 Bs in Biology, Chemistry and Mathematics in STPM to be qualified for medical course in private university. Please contact universities to know more about the entry requirement.

  31. August 3rd, 2013 at 15:58 | #31 FSI member

    请问若我想在UK读医,但只有SPM文凭~
    那foundation我应该拿什么科系?
    biomedical or pure science??

  32. 升学情报辅导中心
    August 6th, 2013 at 14:12 | #32

    limmy :
    请问若我想在UK读医,但只有SPM文凭~
    那foundation我应该拿什么科系?
    biomedical or pure science??

    若还未选好大学,建议报读受各大专接受的大学先修班如A-level、IB等等。因为foundation是各大专为各自的学士课程开办的先修班,其他大专并不一定接受来自不同大专的foundation文凭。

  33. joeycyoon
    August 22nd, 2013 at 17:02 | #33 FSI member

    你好,请问如果我想读医学系然后再攻专在解剖学,本地有任何大学提供这项课程吗?或者是link到国外的呢?

  34. 升学情报辅导中心
    August 30th, 2013 at 10:16 | #34

    joeycyoon :
    你好,请问如果我想读医学系然后再攻专在解剖学,本地有任何大学提供这项课程吗?或者是link到国外的呢?

    抱歉,我们并无相关资讯,你可尝试到各国立大专网站查询。

  35. Jianwee
    November 11th, 2013 at 16:08 | #35

    你好,请问我国的大学有没有可以直接都到麻醉师的?谢谢

  36. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 13th, 2013 at 09:58 | #36

    Jianwee :
    你好,请问我国的大学有没有可以直接都到麻醉师的?谢谢

    你需先考获医学系学士学位,才可申请进修麻醉专科。国内部分大学都有此专科,你可通过网络搜索大专及课程。

  37. caroloh
    November 17th, 2013 at 20:31 | #37

    请问牙医要读几年?

  38. 升学情报辅导中心
    November 29th, 2013 at 17:44 | #38

    caroloh :
    请问牙医要读几年?

    牙医系是5年的课程。

  39. CWY
    December 18th, 2013 at 18:31 | #39 FSI member

    在韩国就读dermatology degree 马来西亚承认这文凭吗?

  40. teoh-teoh
    December 20th, 2013 at 13:55 | #40 FSI member

    我想请问,找代理好吗?可信赖吗?我找到一个读医学是去Russia的…

  41. Lee Cai Ni
    December 21st, 2013 at 09:37 | #41

    请问如果想读MBBS, A-level需要拿物理吗?

  42. 升学情报辅导中心
    December 24th, 2013 at 11:28 | #42

    CWY :
    在韩国就读dermatology degree 马来西亚承认这文凭吗?

    多数都需要先考获医学学位才能再修读皮肤专科。若要报读这些课程,你可联系我国的医药理事会查询所承认的文凭。

  43. 升学情报辅导中心
    December 26th, 2013 at 10:12 | #43

    teoh-teoh :
    我想请问,找代理好吗?可信赖吗?我找到一个读医学是去Russia的…

    找代理的好处是省时方便,但就需承担风险。若自己去申请的话,就需要花时间但是可以由自己去接触大学,确认各项资讯。

    不妨联系俄罗斯科学与文化中心,询问申请的方式或建议一些服务素质不错的代理:
    Russian Centre of Science and Culture
    电话:03-2144 4001
    网站:www.russia.org.my

  44. 升学情报辅导中心
    December 26th, 2013 at 12:31 | #44

    Lee Cai Ni :
    请问如果想读MBBS, A-level需要拿物理吗?

    不一定,有些大专可让由数学科目代替。不妨先向各大专了解详细的申请条件。

  45. teoh-teoh
    January 17th, 2014 at 21:30 | #45 FSI member

    在国立大学读医科也是要给钱吗?最高消费是多少?STPM是不是比较难被选想要的科目?

  46. Lee Chee Kiong
    January 18th, 2014 at 21:18 | #46 FSI member

    I heard people said that there are differences between the MBBS and MD , is it ? I heard many senior said that if I intake MD then I can’t apply surgery to patient , is this correct ? If yes , then what study should I further so that I can apply surgery to the patient ? If I intake MD , will it have limitation for me to choose the course when I decide to become a specialist ? Because they may have some course that need o apply surgery , for instance , neurosurgery . I hope you can reply me , so I can choose apply for the foundation course in which the university that offered MD or MBBS ………………..URGENT

  47. Master
    January 19th, 2014 at 15:16 | #47 FSI member

    请问如果在台湾读完五年医科 , 一定要在那里完成见习和实习?可以读完五年医科后回来马来西亚实习吗?如果不能的话 , 那在台湾的见习与实习期间有薪水吗?如果没有的话 , 那两年要还学费吗?在那里见习和实习后回到马来西亚还要实习吗?
    迫切回复

  48. 升学情报辅导中心
    January 22nd, 2014 at 09:50 | #48

    teoh-teoh :
    在国立大学读医科也是要给钱吗?最高消费是多少?STPM是不是比较难被选想要的科目?

    医学系的学费大约是每学期RM900,需要有学生自行承担。因国立大专的名额有限,若成绩不达标或名额已满,都有可能不被获得想要的科系。

  49. 升学情报辅导中心
    January 22nd, 2014 at 11:09 | #49

    Lee Chee Kiong :
    I heard people said that there are differences between the MBBS and MD , is it ? I heard many senior said that if I intake MD then I can’t apply surgery to patient , is this correct ? If yes , then what study should I further so that I can apply surgery to the patient ? If I intake MD , will it have limitation for me to choose the course when I decide to become a specialist ? Because they may have some course that need o apply surgery , for instance , neurosurgery . I hope you can reply me , so I can choose apply for the foundation course in which the university that offered MD or MBBS ………………..URGENT

    Please refer http://mmc.gov.my/v1/docs/List%20of%20IPT%20for%20MQE.pdf for the list of universities approved by medical council. As I know, there is no significant difference between MD and MBBS, but you can always contact medical council to get more detailed information.

  50. Jen Jen
    February 1st, 2014 at 23:27 | #50

    读医科是不是最好要读form6?最好要有stpm成绩?

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